In January 2020, the United States revoked Senator de la Rosa`s visa for links to human rights violations and again asked Duterte to say that he would “end” the VFA within a month if the United States did not fix what it had done. The U.S.-Philippine Alliance, created in 1951 by the Mutual Defense Treaty, he was no stranger to stress tests – whether it was the renegotiation of basic agreements in the 1970s or the closure of U.S. military facilities in the early 1990s (which, as we recall, led to the 1999 VFA after the growing perception of the Philippine threat to China). From this point of view, the takeover of Duterte`s presidency has provoked the Alliance`s biggest test of resistance in decades, striving to separate Manila from Washington and maintain closer relations with China and Russia, which are in some obstacles, but which still lead to periodic crises and the slowdown in U.S.-Philippine cooperation in some areas. What is this agreement and why is it so important to the United States? Here`s what you need to know. “This agreement remains in effect until the expiry of 180 days from the date on which one party notifies the other party in writing its wish to terminate the contract.” The main effect of the agreement is to require the U.S. government to notify the Philippine authorities when it is aware of the arrest, arrest or detention of Filipino personnel visiting the United States and, at the request of the Philippine government, to invite the competent authorities to exercise jurisdiction on behalf of the Philippines, except in cases of particular interest to the State Department or the Secretary of Defense.  [VIII1] The waiver of U.S. jurisdiction is complicated because the United States is a federation of American states and therefore a federation of jurisdictions. The VFA provides for rules on the entry and exit of U.S. personnel to the Philippines, the transfer of military ships and aircraft, and the importation and export of equipment and goods related to the activities covered by the agreement. The Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement (EDCA) between the United States and the Philippines, signed in 2014 by President Obama and Duterte`s predecessor, Benigno Aquino Jr. allows for an increased rotating presence of U.S.
forces, ships and aircraft in the Philippines, as well as increased U.S. access to Philippine military bases. The agreement contributed to the achievement of an important strategic objective of the Department of Defense, which attempted to expand the U.S. presence beyond major bases in Japan and South Korea. A new implementation would be difficult without the VFA. Yesterday, the Philippines announced to the United States that it intends to withdraw from the Philippine-U.S. Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA) between the two countries. Below is a brief summary of what VFA is and why it is important.